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The cultivation of a lemon tree does not present too many challenges.
Growing lemons can be a highly rewarding experience so long as you make sure to meet all of their fundamental requirements.
How to Grow a Lemon Tree Outdoors
When compared to other types of citrus trees, lemon trees are the most vulnerable to freezing temperatures.
Because of their susceptibility to cold, lemon trees do best when situated on the south side of the house.
For this reason, lemon trees must be protected against frost. You can aid in this endeavor by growing them close to your dwelling.
Similar to other citrus trees, lemon trees need enough sunlight to thrive.
Although lemon trees will grow in a wide variety of soil types, including poor soil, the ideal growing environment is in well-drained, slightly acidic soil.
Planting height for lemon trees should be raised slightly above the ground. As a result, the hole should be shallower than the root ball.
Tightly pack the earth back around the tree as you replace it in the hole. Mulch can help hold moisture, so water well.
Once a week, give your lemon tree a good soaking. They can be pruned to keep their size and form consistent if necessary.
Lemon Tree Growing Indoors
If the container has enough drainage holes and area for the plant to expand, lemon trees make great houseplants.
Indoor lemon trees often reach heights of 3–5 feet (1–1.5 m). They also require somewhat acidic, well-drained soil. Maintain a consistent soil moisture level and feed as needed.
The ideal temperature range for lemon trees is between roughly 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 degrees Celsius) during the day and 55 degrees Fahrenheit (13 degrees Celsius) at night.
Remember that when temperatures drop below 55 degrees Fahrenheit, they will often enter a dormant state (13 C.)
Because of the high light requirements of lemon trees, fluorescent grow lights may need to be used even in the winter.
Outdoor cultivation of lemon trees is encouraged when weather permits, as this increases the trees’ chances of producing fruit.
A lack of pollinators, such as bees, means that indoor lemon trees won’t bear fruit.
As a result, unless you intend to pollinate them manually, you should keep them outside during the summer.
Propagating for Lemon Tree Cultivation
To avoid the hassle of planting in the ground, many lemon trees are now sold in nurseries already established in their containers.
Still, you can grow more of them from cuttings, air layers, or seeds.
Most of the time, variety indicates the best approach to take, yet different people get various results when employing various approaches.
Therefore, you should employ whatever strategy is most effective for you.
Growing new lemon trees from cuttings is a process that is found to be rather simple by the vast majority of gardeners.
It is possible to grow crops from seeds, but it takes much longer for the young plants to produce fruit.
If you want to start from seed, you should dry them for a week or two before planting.
Plant the dried seeds about an inch deep in high-quality potting soil, then cover them with plastic until the soil is ready to receive them.
Plant in a bright spot and wait until it reaches 6-12 inches (15-30 cm) in the pot before moving it outside or to a larger container.
Lemon Tree Care
Full sun and shelter from the wind are ideal growing conditions for lemon trees.
If you live in a zone where frost is a possibility, you should avoid planting in the soil directly next to the exterior walls of your home on the southwest side.
The soil of medium texture and depth, with modest acidity, is ideal for all citrus trees.
One that drains well is essential, as wet soil promotes root rot. If you don’t want water to pool, you shouldn’t use mulch.
A fruitful harvest depends on your ability to properly care for your lemon tree and its watering needs.
It may be necessary to water as often as once or twice weekly during the establishing phase.
When lemon trees reach maturity, they become more resistant to drought.
Young trees, in particular, benefit from consistent watering throughout the summer.
Avoid creating any flooded areas, as swampy terrain is hazardous.
Temperature and Humidity
To get the most out of a lemon tree, you need to plant it in a warm, humid climate.
They require temperatures between 75 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit to grow well, making them the most frost-sensitive of all citrus fruits.
It’s also ideal if the humidity is around 50%, according to them.
If there is an unexpected dip in temperature, you should bring your young tree indoors to protect it.
Lemon trees, like those of other citrus fruits, consume a lot of power.
To promote robust growth and abundant harvests, apply a full NPK (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium) fertilizer.
Even though it takes a year from the time the flowers turn into fruit, by the time they turn yellow and are ready to be picked, that’s perfectly normal.
You should let the lemons ripen on the tree. They cannot be left on the tree to ripen like other citrus fruits.
Each fruit is a rich source of vitamin C and citric acid. If you invite lemons into your garden, you’ll be rewarded with healthy, happy fruit for the rest of your life.
They are great to use in the kitchen, and they may also be used as a green alternative to traditional cleaning products.
Depending on the type of lemon tree you have, you may need to prune more or less frequently.
Long lateral branches should be pruned first for fruit production, while major leaders should be pruned first for aesthetics. If you want a lot of fruit to develop, you need a big canopy.
Pinch leaves to manage form and stimulate flowering. Young trees need to be pruned to promote a healthy branch structure.
The Lisbon lemon tree’s vertical growth pattern necessitates more frequent pruning to keep the canopy robust and ensure optimal fruit yield.
Propagating Lemon Trees
Lemon trees are among the simplest citrus species to grow from cuttings.
Cuttings from semi-hardwoods can be harvested from the end of spring until the beginning of summer. Try to find tender fresh shoots that haven’t started bearing fruit just yet.
The cutting needs to be potted in constantly moist, well-drained soil. They can only thrive in warm, humid conditions.
Keep the lemon tree in a bright but cool room if you’re bringing it inside.
Indoor temperatures that mimic early springtime are beneficial for blossoming even in the dead of winter.
In order to promote natural pollination and fruit growth in the higher spring and summer temperatures, you should move it outside in late May.
As soon as September rolls around, bring the plant back inside.
The dry air is not liked by lemons. Misting or using a humidifier may help if you’re worried.
Lemon Tree Diseases and Pests
Some diseases and insects can affect lemon plants; these are the same as those that affect other citrus trees.
Among the many diseases that can harm lemon trees is European brown rot.
The lemons will decay on the tree if your tree is afflicted. Pests such as scale insects are a regular problem for lemon trees.
As they spread across the plant’s leaves, they give the impression of huge, white blobs. Aphids are yet another potential pest.
Pests like this gnaw at the leaves stems, causing the leaves to dry out, curl, and eventually fall off.