Table of Contents Hide
The areca palm (Chrysalidocarpus Lutescens) is a popular choice for adding natural light to indoor spaces.
The fronds are airy and arching, and each leaflet might number in the hundreds.
All eyes will be on these impressive plants. What follows is essential reading for anyone interested in learning more about cultivating an areca palm in their own house.
Areca Palm Houseplant Info
Since it might cost a lot to maintain a full-sized areca palm plant indoors, most people opt to buy smaller, more affordable tabletop plants instead.
At a rate of 6–10 inches (15–25 cm) a year, they’ll eventually tower above you at a height of 6–7 feet (1.8 or 2.1 m.).
One of the few palms that can survive severe pruning, the areca palm can live for up to a decade when kept in a warm, sunny room.
The appropriate amount of light is crucial for growing areca palm palms inside.
They require indirect sunlight from a window facing south or west. Sunlight causes a yellowish-green color change in the leaves.
Areca Palm Care
Taking care of an areca palm indoors is simple, but the plant will not survive without regular attention.
In the spring and summer, water them often enough to keep the soil slightly moist, but let the soil dry out slightly between waterings in the fall and winter.
In the spring, apply a slow-release fertilizer to your areca palm trees. Most of the plant’s nutritional requirements for the season are met in this manner.
In the summer, spraying the fronds with a solution of micronutrients can help them thrive.
Micronutrient-rich liquid fertilizer for houseplants can be used for this.
In order to use the product for foliar feedings, you must first verify that it is labeled as such and then dilute it as directed.
In the fall and winter, you shouldn’t give your areca palm any fertilizer.
Indoor areca palms need to be repotted every two to three years.
This plant thrives in a small space, and its compact root system is one way to keep it from outgrowing its pot.
The main goals of repotting are to replace the old potting soil and to eliminate the accumulation of fertilizer salt deposits in the soil and on the sides of the pot.
Incorporate some clean builder’s sand into palm potting soil or a general-purpose mix.
Please ensure that the palm is replanted in the new pot at the same depth as it was in the old pot. If you put it in too deeply, you could hurt yourself.
Don’t try to spread the roots because they’re too fragile. After the earth has been filled in around the roots, it should be compacted by hand.
Fill the pot with water until there is no more room for air, then press down again. If more dirt is required, add it.
With this newfound knowledge of how simple it is to maintain an areca palm, you should go out and pick one up at your nearest garden center or nursery.
The effort put into cultivating an indoor areca palm tree will be more than rewarded by the sight of its thick, colorful foliage.
Propagating Areca Palm
Areca palms can be successfully propagated through root division, which results in a lush plant much more quickly than when grown from seed.
If you want to divide your plant’s roots, you can do so at any time of year, although spring is when your plant will be at its healthiest. Root-cutting an established potted areca palm:
- You should pick a well-established plant with several branches.
- Make sure to give the roots a good soaking the day before you plan to divide them.
- Pat the container’s sides to release the root ball, then lift the palm out of its container.
- Remove soil by shaking the roots. In order to identify which roots belong to which stems, you must first wash the soil off of the roots.
- Select four or five individual shoots and sever them from the main plant using a sharp knife.
- Plant the separated stems together gently in a pot filled with soil and sand combined with a ratio of 2:1.
- Put the container in indirect sunlight but not complete darkness, and water the soil so it’s moist but not waterlogged.
How to Grow Areca Palm From Seed
Growing an areca palm from seed is an option. Although you won’t find areca palm seeds in nurseries very often, you can collect your own from the fruits that form after the palm tree’s golden blossoms fade.
If you’re going to use seeds for propagation, it’s best to start them off in a home seed-starting kit.
As a rule, older, oranger seeds germinate better than younger, greener ones.
Soil temperatures over 80 degrees Fahrenheit and relative humidity are required for germination, which takes around six weeks.
While waiting for germination, keep the seed-starting mix damp but not soggy, and then continue to mist the little seedlings as they grow.
When the seedlings have two or three leaves, plant them outside at a distance of 10 feet apart.
Indoors, place three or four seedlings in a pot no smaller than 12 inches in diameter for a fuller display.
Potting and Repotting Areca Palms
If you want to cultivate an areca palm as a houseplant, make sure the container has plenty of drainage holes and is somewhat too small for the plant’s roots.
However, it is still recommended that you repot your plant every other year to renew the potting mix and get rid of any fertilizer salt deposits that may have built up in the container.
If the palm’s root ball still fits snuggly in the container, you can continue to do so.
If not, you should increase the size of your current container by one. Keep the palm’s new hole at the same depth as the old one.
Common Pests & Plant Diseases
Pests and illnesses rarely cause problems for areca palms.
Sometimes a palm will get infected with deadly yellowing, a bacterial disease that is transmitted by insects and finally kills the palm’s fronds and the entire plant.
This is more likely to affect outdoor palms, and because treatment is usually ineffective, it is advisable to get rid of the palm before it spreads.
Common houseplant pests such as mites, aphids, mealybugs, scales, and whiteflies can cause damage and discoloration to an indoor areca palm leaf.
Insect infestations should be treated as soon as possible.
Common Problems With Areca Palm
While areca palms can thrive in a variety of environments, they are susceptible to the same problem whether they are kept indoors or out. Leaf tip burn must be watched for.
Leaf Tip Burn
If the tips of your leaves have become yellow or brown, you have leaf tip burn. The following can be potential culprits in this case:
- Drafty atmosphere
- Weak soil conditions
- Condensed stems
Self-cleaning indicates that the areca palm naturally drops its brown fronds.
Amending the soil so that it drains efficiently and the roots of an indoor areca palm are not sitting in water is a good first step.
If it doesn’t work, try relocating the plant to a darker, damper area before giving up and repotting it.
To clean up a houseplant or a plant in the garden, you can also manually sheer off any brown areas.