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If you want to keep your cyclamen plant alive year after year, you must properly care for it.
This plant’s vibrant flowers and interesting leaves make it a popular houseplant, and many owners wonder, “How do I care for a cyclamen plant?”
Let’s take a look at how to care for cyclamen plants both during and after they bloom.
Basic Cyclamen Plant Care
Tropical Cyclamen sold as houseplants cannot withstand temperatures lower than 40 degrees Fahrenheit (4 C.).
Garden nurseries normally only carry USDA Zone 5 hardy cyclamen, but before you buy one, read the label to ensure that the hardy cyclamen variety you’re buying is suitable for your intended outdoor location.
The second vital component of taking care of cyclamen is to make sure that it’s adequately watered. Cyclamen are sensitive to both over and under-watering.
Make sure the plant has great drainage with a potting mix that holds water properly.
The soil should be dry to the touch before watering your cyclamen plant.
Do not keep the plant in this dry state for an extended period of time, or the plant will show signs of neglect, such as droopy leaves and blooms.
Water the plant from the bottom up, avoiding the stems and leaves at all costs.
Rot can occur if water accumulates on the stems and leaves. Soak the soil well and allow any surplus water to drain away.
The second element of cyclamen plant care is fertilizer.
Only fertilize once every one to two months using water-soluble fertilizer diluted at half strength.
Cyclamen’s ability to rebloom can be harmed if they receive an excessive amount of fertilizer.
Cyclamen Care After Blooming
A cyclamen’s blooming period is followed by a period of dormancy.
When a plant goes into dormancy, its leaves become yellow and drop off, giving the appearance that it is dying. It’s not actually dead; it’s just dormant.
With proper cyclamen plant care, you may support it through its hibernation and it will rebloom in a few months. (Please note that hardy cyclamen planted outdoors will go through this process spontaneously and need not need extra care to rebloom.)
When taking care of cyclamen after flowering, let the leaves die and stop watering the plant once you see the indicators that the leaves are dying.
It’s best to keep the plant in a cool, dimly lit area. If you like, you may remove any dead foliage from the area. Let’s sit for two months.
Taking Care of a Cyclamen to Get it to Rebloom
Once the dormant period of cyclamen has ended, you can begin watering it again and remove it from storage. Leaf growth is normal, so don’t worry about it.
Soak the soil completely before attempting any digging.
After an hour or so, drain the excess water from the pot and set it in a fresh tub of water.
Make sure the cyclamen tuber hasn’t grown too big for the pot. Cyclamen can be repotted to a larger pot if the tuber becomes overcrowded.
Resuming normal cyclamen care will ensure that the plant reblooms as soon as the leaves emerge.
Potting and Repotting Cyclamen
It’s important to leave about an inch of space around your tuber when you first plant it in a pot.
Ensure that the tuber is slightly protruding out of the potting soil.
Every two years, the cyclamen should be replanted. During the summer months, you can repot the plant with new potting soil and a slightly larger pot to keep it healthy.
To Repot, follow these instructions:
- Potting soil should be poured into the new container to a quarter of its capacity.
- After that, remove the tuber from the pot and brush off the old soil, but don’t rinse it. The tuber is now ready to be planted.
- The top of the tuber should be about two inches below where the rim of the new pot meets the soil. Soil it up with a potting mix.
- For the remainder of the season, keep the pot in a cool, dry location.
- If you begin watering it in September, new growth should begin to emerge.
Common Pests & Plant Diseases
There are mites between the stems and the leaves of cyclamen houseplants, which can cause the leaves to curl.
The new growth and stems should be checked for aphids, as well.
Botrytis, a grayish-fuzzy fungus that grows in overly wet soil, can turn leaves yellow and brown.
In order to improve air circulation, remove the affected leaves but discard the plant if all of its leaves are in poor condition.
How to Get Cyclamen to Bloom
Although many people treat indoor cyclamen as annuals and throw away the plant after it blooms, you can enjoy the same plant year after year because it reblooms every time.
Snip dead flower stalks and yellowing leaves off at the base to encourage reblooming during its growth period.
Allow the plant to gradually dry out for two to three months as blooming slows.
The tuber will rot if it gets too much water now that it is dormant.
The soil should be moistened, but not so much that it becomes soggy.
It’s possible that you’ll need to slightly spread the leaves apart in order to locate buds.