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When it comes to growing Chinese evergreens in the home, even the most beginner gardener can seem like a veteran with the right conditions (light, temperature, humidity, etc.).
As one of the hardiest houseplants, this tropical foliage plant can withstand low light, dry air, and even drought.
Tips for Growing Chinese Evergreens Indoors
Aglaonema, the Chinese evergreen, is a simple plant to grow.
It’s no surprise that this plant is one of the most popular houseplants because of its low-maintenance requirements.
Variegated Chinese evergreens are available in a variety of shapes.
However, despite their tolerance for a wide range of growth circumstances, it is best to adhere to a few guidelines.
Planting them in a well-draining mixture of potting soil, perlite, and sand is recommended.
Medium to low light or indirect sunlight is ideal for Chinese evergreens.
It doesn’t matter where you put it in your house, but you should make sure it gets a good amount of sunlight and humidity.
But if necessary, this adaptable plant can handle less-than-ideal conditions.
Temperatures below 60 degrees Fahrenheit (16 Celsius) are not ideal for these plants, but they can withstand temperatures between 50 and 55 degrees Fahrenheit (16 Celsius) (10-13 C.).
Avoid exposing Chinese evergreens to draughts to prevent the browning of the leaves.
Chinese Evergreen Care
When given the right conditions, caring for Chinese evergreen houseplants is simple.
Moderate watering is ideal for these plants—not too much and not too little.
Between waterings, allow the plant to dry out a bit. Root rot can result from overwatering.
Using a water-soluble houseplant fertilizer, you should fertilize elder Chinese evergreens once or twice a year.
You can trim your Chinese evergreen plant if it gets too big or lanky.
Also, cuttings can be saved during the propagation process for new plants. In water, cuttings take root quickly.
Calla or peace lilies may resemble the blossoms of older plants. Spring and summer are prime times for this.
Most people clip the blooms before seed production, but you can keep them and try your hand at seed cultivating them. But bear in mind that it will take a long time.
The leaves can be cleaned by wiping them down with a soft, damp cloth or by putting them in the shower and letting the water evaporate them naturally.
Spider mites, scale, mealybugs, and aphids can harm Chinese evergreen houseplants.
Keeping an eye out for signs of pests in the leaves will help prevent problems down the road.
Even if you’ve never grown Chinese evergreens indoors before, the process isn’t as difficult as you may imagine.
Propagating Chinese Evergreen
When repotting Chinese evergreens, it is possible to reproduce them by taking stem cuttings or by dividing the plants.
Propagation of Chinese evergreen should be delayed until the middle of summer when the weather is at its warmest.
To propagate with stem cuttings:
- Take a few inches of the mother plant’s stem with a sterilized, sharp cutting tool.
- Make sure the bottom of the cutting is dipped in root hormone before placing it in a glass of water that is partially shaded. Three to four weeks should be enough time for roots to grow.
- Maintain moisture in your cutting once it has been transplanted into a pot packed with potting soil that drains effectively.
To propagate by division:
- Carefully turn the pot on its side. A trowel can be used to loosen the soil around the container’s perimeter. Remove the dirt and plant from the pot with care.
- The roots should be lightly shaken. This plant likes to be a little root bound, so proceed cautiously when you remove clumps for repotting.
- A pot of well-draining potting soil should be used to Repot the clump.
- You may want to keep both plants a little more wet for a few weeks until they are both established and less stressed.
Common Pests and Plant Diseases
A typical houseplant problem like scale, mealybugs, or spider mites can occasionally be seen on the Chinese evergreen.
An insecticide or neem oil can be used to get rid of these.
Overwatering a Chinese evergreen can lead to a variety of problems, the most common of which are fungal infections and root rot.
Common Problems With Chinese Evergreen
Curled or wavy leaves are the one potential drawback to this otherwise resilient and easy-going houseplant.
The plant should be able to recover once the issue has been addressed.
Additionally, here are a few possible causes for your plant’s leaves to turn yellow or brown:
- Age: This is a normal occurrence in an older plant. Just remove the affected leaf.
- Too much light: Direct sunlight can cause leaf scorch. Remove burned leaves and move the plant to a bright area that is not in direct sunlight.
- Temperature changes: The plant prefers warm, draft-free spots.
- Low humidity: You may need to increase the humidity in the air around your plant with misting.
- Underwatering: Overly dry soil will affect the leaves. Slowly water the plant so the leaves can recover. Remove dry, crisp leaves.
- Overwatering: These plants prefer drier to overly moist soil. Let the top inch of soil dry out before watering to prevent root rot. If the pot is larger (around 10 to 12 inches in diameter), let more of the soil dry out—about halfway down.